Islands of the South Pacific are known as some of the most remote places on earth. However, this remoteness doesn’t change the fact that the Islands are also some of the most unique places on earth.
A Third Human Ancestor May Have Been Responsible For The Melanesian DNA
Through several historical and recent discoveries, people living on these Islands are biologically distinctive from people of other races or cultures.
Amongst the discoveries, a 2016 study revealed that ancient human species had been found in the DNA of modern Melanesians – people living in a region of South Pacific, particularly northeast of Australia – throughout Papua New Guinea and the surrounding regions.
These findings were reported by a statistical geneticist at the University of Texas in Houston, Ryan Bohlender, at an annual meeting of the American Society of Human Genetics on October 20, 2016.
The findings reveal that there is genetic evidence of a third unknown group of human species from which the Melanesians were created.
Ancient Origins reveal that a computer analysis has suggested that the unknown ancestral human species that researchers discovered is not likely to be associated with the Neanderthal or the Denisovan.
While the two ancient species represented in the fossil record include Neanderthal and Denisovan, there is a high chance that there is a third one which is not known.
In an interview with Tina Hesman Saey at Science News, Ryan Bohlender said:
“We are missing a population, or we’re misunderstanding something about the relationships.”
Bohlender and his team have been investigating the percentages of ancient human DNA that modern humans possess. Alongside his team, he has revealed that there is more to humans mingling with Neanderthals and Denisovans alone.
As Neanderthals fossils are found scattered in Europe and Asia, and Denisovan DNA is only based on a few teeth and a finger bone found in northern Siberian in a northern cave in 2010, Bohlender has revealed that his discovery contains elements distinct from any of the ancient groups.