Whether it is a good or bad thing remains debatable, but quite a lot of people these days assume that every ancient civilization used to be patrilineal or run by descendants who belonged to males from common blood lines.
Recently however, there have been developments that strongly challenge these views.
A group of experienced archeologists were in New Mexico, where they dug Chaco Canyon.
What was interesting about this discovery was – according to the remains and clues they discovered there, almost everything suggested that the society over there was matrilineal.
They even suggested that power of this particular maternal family line was lasted as long as the 12th century. The archeologists took a fair amount of time before concluding that the society they unearthed was indeed Matrilineal.
Their suspicions were cleared as soon as they came across 9 people who were buried in what was perhaps the biggest house present in canyon Pueblo Bonito.
The Things That Stood Out
It was clear as day that this society in Chaco Canyon was ruled by women, and the discoveries made in the biggest house in Pueblo Bonito things became even clearer.
This building had around six hundred and fifty rooms where thousands of indigenous Americans lived and worked. Every building and room discovered by the archeologists had a different purpose.
Assessing room number 33, they concluded that it was a burial chamber for the royals. Upon examining the bodies present in this room, the archeologists discovered that everybody buried in it was a highly revered individual.
This assumption was based on the numerous exotic goods that were buried alongside the bodies.
Adam Watson, who works at American Museum of Natural history as a postdoctoral fellow claimed that, in most cases, the Chacoans were never buried inside their settlements.
He also elaborated that the regular Chacoans was never buried with huge amounts of eotic goods.
These discoverers took numerous samples from the bodies’ teeth, after which they sequenced the DNA in order to discover other familiar links they could derive from the royal dead.
They discovered that everybody buried in room number 33 had a combined life of more than 330 years. Also, all of them came from the side of their mothers.
If we are being technical, what this means is – the mitochondrial DNA of all these bodies was identical.
The reason for this is that DNA is only passable from mothers to their children. This clarifies that everyone buried in room 33 was present because of their mothers.