With North America as the base, Mexico is known as the most archeologically rich country in the world.
From prehistoric men to crater sites to pyramids to dinosaurs, the archaeological wonderland gives clues into the rich pre-Columbian history.
Amongst the thousands of treasurable items found in the country, archaeologists have discovered structures with incredible designs and architectural framework in the country; the most impressive being The Pyramid of Sun.
The Pyramid of Sun is known as the largest building in the once-thriving city Teotihuacan.
Built along the Avenue of the Dead, which is directly in between the Ciudadela and the Pyramid of the Moon, archaeologists believe that the pyramid was built around 200CE, with the city being inhabited for hundreds of years.
According to historians, the Pyramid was named ‘Pyramid of the Sun; by the ancient Aztec tribe who visited the city, centuries after its original inhabitants had abandoned it.
Roughly 200 feet high and 700 feet wide, the Pyramid of the Sun was built on the top of a tunnel-like cave.
Ever since its discovery, archaeologists have spent years exploring the building and its component in a bid to get clues about its significance.
Its exploration has paved the way for the spread of several rumors.
While some believe that the Pyramid served as a royal tomb, others think it served as a portal to the underworld.
Treasure Trove Uncovered In The Pyramid Of The Sun
After several years of exploration, archaeologists, in 2011, found a small treasure trove of items that are estimated to be 2,000 years old.
Included in the treasure cache were potteries, rare pieces of obsidian, animal remains, and three humanoid figurines made out a green stone, and a perfectly crafted serpentine mask.
After carefully analyzing each of these items, some experts concluded that the items could have been placed as offerings to celebrate the inauguration of the construction of the Teotihuacan pyramid of the sun.
When asked the reason behind concluding that the treasure trove of items was used as ritual materials, Peter Cortes stated that the trove’s position within the structure suggested so.
Some Archaeologists argued that objects found would be indicating that the Pyramid of the Sun –which covers an approximate area of 5.6 hectares- was possibly offered to a rain deity, an early version of Tlaloc, during the first 50 years of the Common Era.
As the researchers dug their ways through the pyramid, they found human remains and vestiges of three greenstone structures that stood on the site before the Pyramid of the Sub was erected, indicating that the location was significant to the people of Teotihuacan.