The Olm is essentially a cave dwelling salamander that can be found inside underwater caves of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
It is also present in some caves in Slovenia, Italy, and Croatia. These salamanders are quite unique in regards that they are very cautious with their energy expenditure. Most of these Olms do not move more than sixteen feet per year.
The average Olm lives an average of hundred years. It can easily go without sex, food, and movement. A focus group dedicated towards observing an Olm’s lifestyle was noted that one particular Olm did nothing at all for almost 2600 days.
Salamanders are famous for their ability to regrow a broken tail. They are also capable of living an extremely long life. That being said, there is one particular salamander species that stands out ahead of the rest, and that is – the olm.
The scientific name given to the olms is Proteus anguinus. As mentioned earlier, it can live for more than one hundred years. If you compare the average lifespan of an olm to that of a Galapagos tortoise, you will find that the olm lives a significantly less exciting life.
In the recent years, a team of researchers captained by Gergely Balazs from the Eotvos Lorand University from Hungary performed an extensive study on Bosnia and Herzegovina’s olm population.
The Journal of Zoology published their research. The research particularly focused on the olms living inside aquatic caves.
The researchers discovered that these tiny albino creatures living inside caves did not move more than 35 feet in a span of ten years.
What was even more surprising about this research was the fact that one especially lazy olm remained motionless for more than 8 years.
The Behavior And Biology Of An Olm
Since most of the olms live inside caves, they do not have to worry about predators.
Plus, their excellent metabolism makes sure that they can live without eating for several years.