The Bronze Age is surely not famous for having daggers, axes, and jewelry made from iron.
However, researchers have found that one of the daggers found with King Tutankhamen, an Egyptian Pharaoh, is made from a material that cannot be found on Earth.
In 1922, archaeologists discovered the tomb of King Tutankhamen. In 1925, three years after opening the tomb, archaeologist Howard Carter found two daggers within the wrappings of King Tut, who had been mummified for more than 3,300 years.
One of the daggers was made of gold, while the other one was made of iron. Although gold was popular and valuable at that time, archaeologists were more surprised to see the iron dagger.
The discovery of an iron dagger which had a gold handle, crystal pommel, and nicely decorated sheath surprised the archaeologists because iron was extremely valuable and rare in the Bronze Age. As if that wasn’t enough, the dagger looked impervious to rust and age.
While the Bronze Age cultures were known for using copper, bronze, and gold, archaeologists have pointed out that the first reference to the use of Iron in the Nile Valley was years after King Tut’s era, during the first millennium B.C.
To this end, most of them agreed that the metal used to create the dagger found in King Tut’s wrappings was meteoric metal – a substance the Egyptians of the Tut’s era commonly referred to as “iron from the sky.”
The French archeo-metallurgist, Albert Jambon wrote in a study that.
“Iron from the Bronze Age is meteoritic, invalidating speculations about precocious (early) melting during the Bronze Age.”
Although researchers in the 70s and 90s had stated that there is a possibility that the blade came from a meteorite, the result of that research was termed inconclusive as there was not enough scientific evidence to back up the claim.
How New Technology Influenced The Claims Of Researchers
In 2018, a team of Italian researchers from the Polytechnic University of Milan, the University of Pisa in Italy, and Egyptian researchers from the Egyptian Museum in Cairo decided to go over the research process to identify the material behind the creation of the ageless iron dagger.
With the use of X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, these researchers discovered that the blade contains iron, cobalt, and nickel.